What Can Cause Lower Back Pain in Women?

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Besides work-related injuries or stress on lower back from household and yard jobs, there are other causes for lower back pain for women which are uniquely female in nature.

1. Kidney problems

Problems associated with kidneys and their functions include: infections, kidney stones, and hematoma, traumatic bleeding, etc. These frequently can cause lower back pain in women. Doctors use such tests as urine analysis, ultrasound and other imaging studies to determine kidney problems that may cause of lower back pain in women.

2. Pregnancy

Pregnancy often is accompanied by lower back pain for women. This is because the baby puts stress on the lumbar spine. The effects of increased estrogen and the hormone, relaxants, etc., may also result in lower back pain. Natural childbirth may also stress the lower back. Good exercises for lower back pain in women include pelvic-tilt exercises and stretches.

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3. Ovarian cysts

A sac filled with fluid forms on or inside an ovary. This may be caused by a follicle growing on the ovary that fails to break open and release an egg during menstruation. Instead, the fluid stays in the follicle and forms a cyst. Ovarian cysts are common during childbearing years.
Taking fertility drugs can result in formation of multiple large ovarian cysts which most often go away after a period, or pregnancy. They can be accompanied by a dull, constant pelvic pain.

A cyst may be discovered during a pelvic exam, or an ultrasound test, a CT scan, MRI, or Doppler flow studies. Surgery make be required to remove the cyst.

4. Uterine Fibroids

Uterine fibroids are benign tumors in the uterus. 20% of women of childbearing years and 5% of all women over fifty have fibroids. They may be caused by hormones, or genetics. Fibroids vary in size from microscopic to several pounds. Pelvic cramping or lower back pain may be a result of fibroids. Ultrasound, MRI or hysteroscopy are often used to detect fibroids. Treatment may include birth control, IUDs, iron supplements, ibuprofen or Naprosyn for pain or hormone therapy shots to help shrink the fibroids.

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5. Endometriosis

Endometriosis happens when cells from the uterus grow in ovaries, bowel, rectum, bladder, or lining of the pelvic area and are not shed during menstruation. Endometriosis is uncommon and may be genetic. Endometriosis can cause lower back pain in women.

6. Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian cancer starts in the ovaries. It is the fifth most common cancer among women and causes more deaths than any other type of cancer. Women most susceptible are those with no children and those who had late pregnancies, women who have had breast cancer and women who take estrogen replacement for five or more years. Birth control pills are believed to decrease the risk of ovarian cancer.

Ovarian cancer is one of the causes of lower back pain for women. Other symptoms include no appetite, indigestion, nausea and vomiting, constipation, weight gain, vaginal bleeding and increased gas.

Tests for ovarian cancer include pelvic exam, blood count and blood chemistry, CT or MRI and pelvic ultrasound. Surgery is used to treat all stages of ovarian cancer. Chemotherapy and/or radiation may be used post-surgery.

7. Tumors

Another cause of lower back pain in women is benign or malignant tumors in the bone of the spine or pelvis and spinal cord and metastatic tumors which originated elsewhere. Tumors of these areas are detected using MRI, CAT scans, X-rays, or nuclear bone scanning.

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8. Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a bone disease that makes people—mostly women—susceptible to breaking bones. 50% of women over the age of 50 will fracture of the hip, wrist, or vertebra during their lifetime. Osteoporosis occurs when the body fails to make sufficient new bone. Osteoporosis is genetic. Other risks include insufficient calcium to build new bones. Smoking and some childhood diseases are also risk factors. Osteoporosis can cause lower back pain in women.

9. Aneurysm

Aneurysms may develop slowly with no symptoms. If an aneurysm expands rapidly, ruptures, or leaks blood, symptoms may include lower back pain, clamminess, nausea, unconsciousness, shock, dizziness, or rapid heart rate. Ruptured aneurisms can affect anyone at any age and are often fatal.

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